Robotics & Automation

Get an overview of the global medical robots market. Visit this Medical Design Briefs Robotics and Automation Hub to receive news, expert advice, and essential information – from the history of medical robots to the technologies of tomorrow.

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Adjustable-Focus Endoscope Reduces Discomfort

Researchers from the National University of Singapore have created an endoscopic probe that delivers adjustable-focus capabilities in a slimmer package. The miniature and solid tunable-lens technology enables compact optical zoom with autofocus capability. The device switches from a wide...

Briefs : Medical
Two-Armed Upper-Body Rehabilitation Robot

Exoskeleton provides precise therapy while tracking data.

A team of engineers at The University of Texas at Austin have developed a first-of-its kind, two-armed, robotic rehabilitation exoskeleton that, they say, could provide a new method of high-quality, data-driven therapy to patients...

News : Medical
Newly Created Photonics Hub in NY

The Research Foundation for the State University of New York (RF SUNY) will lead a new Manufacturing Innovation Institute to secure US leadership in manufacturing integrated photonics. The new institute, announced by Vice President Biden, will focus on emerging technologies, including “needleless” tests for...

News : Medical
Novel Fibers Maintain Electrical Resistance When Stretched

University of Texas at Dallas researchers have made electrically conducting fibers that can be reversibly stretched to over 14 times their initial length. Electrical conductivity of the fibers increases 200-fold when stretched.

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Tiny Mechanical Wrist Supports Needlescopic Surgeries

A tiny mechanical wrist from a team of engineers and doctors at Vanderbilt University’s Medical Engineering and Discovery Laboratory will be used on needle-sized surgical robots. The wrist is less than 1/16th of an inch (2 mm) thick.

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Sound Waves Isolate Circulating Tumor Cells

Using sound waves, researchers from the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering gently culled circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from blood samples. The contact-free nature of the method assures that original cell characteristics are maintained.

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Device Maintains Donor Liver Health Outside Body

A sterile medical device preserved the health of a deceased donor liver and allowed the organ to repair itself. The liver was then successfully transplanted to a 43-year-old patient in Ontario. The device, which mimics human physiological functions, is part of a Phase 1 clinical trial at UHN's...

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Researchers Mold Silicon into Intricate Shapes

A mold developed by Cornell University researchers can shape liquid silicon out of organic polymer materials. The self-assembling organic polymers create a template dotted with precisely sized and shaped nanopores. The development could lead to exact single-crystal silicon nanostructures.

News : Medical
Stacking Approach Creates New 2D Materials

Researchers from Penn State University have worked with University of Texas at Dallas engineers to induce different two-dimensional materials to form directly on top of one another. The stacking approach achieves clean interfaces between layers — an important factor for novel nanoelectronic...

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
'Photo-Doping' Process Improves Semiconductor Properties

Using a "photo-doping" process, Michigan State University scientists changed the electronic properties of materials in a way that more easily allows an electrical current to pass through. By shooting an ultrafast laser pulse into the material, the properties change and appear chemically...

News : Medical
Hospital Integrates Imaging Techniques to Create 3D Heart Model

By integrating two common imaging techniques, experts from Spectrum Health Helen DeVos Children’s Hospital have produced a three-dimensional anatomic model of a patient’s heart. The hybrid prototype could provide better diagnostic capability and improved interventional and...

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Researcher Predicts Advances in Thermal Materials

To produce electricity, thermoelectric materials capture waste heat from sources such as automobile exhausts or industrial processes. Improving the materials' efficiency will require further reduction of thermal conductivity. A new article from a Georgia Institute of Technology professor...

News : Medical
Micro-Tentacles Help Robots Handle Delicate Objects

Engineers from Iowa State University developed micro-tentacles that enable robots to handle delicate objects.

“Most robots use two fingers. To pick things up, they have to squeeze,” said Jaeyoun (Jay) Kim, an Iowa State University associate professor of electrical and computer...

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Bioengineers Develop Printable Silk Inks

To provide a better tool for therapeutics, regenerative medicine, and biosensing, Tufts University bioengineers have created inkjet-printable silks containing enzymes, antibiotics, antibodies, nanoparticles, and growth factors. The purified silk protein, or fibroin, offers intrinsic strength and...

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Gecko-Inspired Gripper Supports Tunable Adhesion

Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have developed a gecko-inspired gripper. Like the gecko, the device has the ability to grip and release smooth surfaces like glass. The effective stickiness can also be tuned from strong to week.

News : Medical
Engineers Control Soft Material's Surface Textures

Using a 3D printer and detailed computer simulations, researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology produced soft material with controllable surface textures that can be varied by squeezing. By creating smooth, ridged, or custom-patterned surfaces at will, the technique will allow...

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Engineers Put New Spin on Spider Silk

Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have produced samples of strong, resilient spider silk. The spun samples could lead to a variety of biomedical materials, including sutures and scaffolding for organ replacements.

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Neuroprosthetic Device Enables Intuitive Control of Robotic Arm

Through a clinical collaboration between Caltech, Keck Medicine of USC, and Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center, a man paralyzed from the neck down can use a robotic arm to perform a fluid hand-shaking gesture, drink a beverage, and even play "rock, paper, scissors."...

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Octopus Arm Inspires Robotic Surgical Tool

A group of researchers from Italy's Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies created a robotic arm that bends, stretches, and squeezes through cluttered environments. Inspired by the eight arms of an octopus, the device allows surgeons to easily access remote, confined regions of the body and, once there,...

News : IoMT
Engineers Reveal Surgical Robot Security Flaws

University of Washington engineers hacked a teleoperated surgical robot to test how easily a malicious attack could hijack remotely controlled operations. Incorporating security measures will be critical to the safe adoption and use of the robotic technology.

News : Medical
X-Ray Technology Makes Tumors Visible

Using a compact synchrotron source, researchers at the Technische Universität München (TUM) have developed a technology that measures X-ray absorption, phase shifts, and radiation scattering. The technology will help doctors and scientists distinguish between healthy tissue and tumors.

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
New Transistor Solders Gaps Between Carbon Nanotubes

A University of Illinois research team developed a new method of soldering gaps in atomically small wires. The more flexible transistor technology, carbon nanotube wires, shows promise in replacing silicon devices.

News : Medical
Researchers Improve Magnetic-Field Detector

A Massachusetts Institute of Technology team has developed a new, ultrasensitive magnetic-field detector. The device could lead to miniaturized, battery-powered devices for medical imaging.

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Inkjet Technology Prints 'Soft Robot' Circuits

A new potential manufacturing approach from Purdue University researchers harnesses inkjet printing to create devices made of liquid alloys. The resulting stretchable electronics are compatible with soft machines, such as robots that must squeeze through small spaces, or wearable electronics.

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Researchers Use Water to Improve Nanowires

Rice University graduate students and researchers have made nanowires between 6 and 16 nanometers wide. The wires are made from a variety of materials, including silicon, silicon dioxide, gold, chromium, tungsten, titanium, titanium dioxide, and aluminum. The development of sub-10-nanometer sizes...

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Non-Invasive Method Detects Cancerous Cells

Using MRI, Johns Hopkins researchers developed a cancer detection method that does not rely on injected contrast dyes. The technique noninvasively finds telltale sugar molecules shed by the outer membranes of cancerous cells.

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
New Adhesive Works Underwater

An adhesive technology helps to bond human tissue in wet or moist conditions. The chemistry is based on the environmentally-friendly adhesive qualities of mussels and other shellfish.

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Bioplastics Demonstrate Antibacterial Properties

According to a recent study by the University of Georgia College of Family and Consumer Sciences, bioplastics made from protein sources have shown significant antibacterial properties. The materials could be used in medical applications, such as wound healing dressings, sutures, catheter tubes,...

News : Medical
Medical System-on-a-Chip Reduces Hardware Failure Rate

The Desyre project couples a reconfigurable substrate with runtime-system software support in such a manner that the medical system-on-a-chip can adapt on demand to various types and densities of faults, system constraints, and application requirements.

News : Medical
Researchers Developing Bionic Heart

Scientists at the Texas Heart Institute are working to create a permanent artificial heart.

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