Tech Briefs

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Micro-Endoscope as Thin as a Human Hair

Engineers at Stanford University have developed and demonstrated a prototype single-fiber endoscope that, they say, quadruples the resolution over existing designs, which might lead to the development of needle-thin, minimally invasive endoscopes able to view features out of reach of today’s...

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
New Material Enables Improved Ultrasound

Ultrasound technology could soon be improved to produce high-quality, high-resolution images, thanks to the development of a new key material by a team of researchers in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Texas A&M University, College Station.

Briefs : Medical
Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Signals Measure Neuronal Activity in the Cortex

Functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is an emerging optical neuroimaging technology that indirectly measures neuronal activity in the cortex via neurovascular coupling. It quantifies hemoglobin concentration ([Hb]) and thus measures the same...

Briefs : Medical
Using CT Scanning to Test/Inspect Medical Devices in the Design or Production Phase

The rapid advance of medical technology has created a growing need for ever more precise technologies to measure and inspect medical components. One of the most accurate scanning technologies, and one whose use is growing in the medical equipment community, is CT...

Briefs : Medical
Force Feedback Modulated Joint Control for Prosthetic Ankle

Human gait is an infinitely variable and complex feedback system to maximize efficiency and stability in movement. Typical prosthetic technology utilizes fixed springs to maximize energy return but do nothing to adapt to the variable environment experienced by users. The Magellan...

Briefs : Medical
Instantly Capture, Edit, and Store Medical Images via Online Applications

A new image capture software development kit (SDK), called the Dynamic Web TWAIN, allows the simplified creation of an online tool to manage images of patient records. It enables image application providers to deliver a method to capture images from medical devices, such...

Briefs : Medical
Managing Post-Traumatic Pain with Ultrasound Neuromodulation

The objective of this effort was to demonstrate the feasibility of using ultrasound induced neuromodulation (UNMOD) to manage pain. Pain management for acute trauma is generally accomplished with narcotics, which is less than ideal in a battlefield scenario. The technology of...

Briefs : Manufacturing & Prototyping
Environmental Awareness Leads to PVC-Free Assemblies

Over the last several years, the medical industry has become more aware of the toxic side effects of polyvinyl chloride (PVC). The American Public Health Association passed a resolution in November 2011 urging hospitals, schools, and nursing homes to reduce the amount of PVC they use.

Briefs : Materials
Prosthetic Foot Uses Unique Aerospace Material

Formerly used only in the aerospace arena, Flexeon is a radical departure from the rigid carbon fiber materials found in most prosthetic feet. It’s a specially- formulated reinforced fiberglass material that is nearly indestructible, extremely flexible, and available exclusively on Ability Dynamic...

Briefs : Medical
New Blood Pressure Connectors Prevent Misconnects

Healthcare professionals use medical devices in a variety of settings and situations from urgent to routine. In an emergency, any sort of confusion, hindrance, or hesitation concerning the most minor detail or part of a device can mean a matter of life or death. As a result, there is a constant...

Briefs : Materials
Transferrable Sensor Tattoo Measures Metabolic Stress

A medical sensor, that adheres to the skin like a temporary tattoo could make it easier for doctors to detect metabolic problems in patients as well as help coaches to fine-tune athletes’ training routines, say researchers at the Department of Physical & Environ mental Sciences at the...

Briefs : Medical
Extreme Ionizing-Radiation-Resistant Bacterium

There is a growing concern that desiccation and extreme radiation-resistant, non-spore-forming microorganisms associated with spacecraft surfaces can withstand space environmental conditions and subsequent proliferation on another solar body. Such forward contamination would jeopardize future life...

Briefs : Materials
Porcupine Quills Aid Device Design

Once a porcupine’s quill penetrates your skin, it’s very difficult to remove. That’s the inspiration behind research at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, to develop new types of adhesives, needles, and other medical devices.

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Self-Charging Power Cell for Small Devices

Scientists at Georgia Tech say that they have developed a new self-charging power cell technology that directly converts mechanical energy to chemical energy. Then, the power is stored until it is needed to generate electricity. This hybrid generator- storage cell utilizes mechanical energy more...

Briefs : Medical
Medicine Delivery Device With Integrated Sterilization and Detection

Sterile delivery devices can be created by integrating a medicine delivery instrument with surfaces that are coated with germicidal and anti-fouling material. This requires that a large surface-area template be developed within a constrained volume to ensure good contact...

Briefs : Medical
Less-Invasive Ventricular Assist Device for Late-Stage Heart Failure

The first full-support, miniaturized ventricular assist device designed to be placed in the pericardial space, was approved by the FDA in late November. HeartWare International, Inc., Framingham, MA, an innovator of less invasive, miniaturized circulatory support technologies...

Briefs : Medical
Integrating Electrical Systems into 3D Mechanical Models
Integrating Electrical Systems into 3D Mechanical Models

Product development teams are under increasing pressure to engineer more complex products that combine numerous electrical systems within a single design, including visual interfaces,...

Integrating Electrical Systems into 3D Mechanical Models
Briefs : Medical
Defibrillator Setting Change Leads to Health Gains

A new study at the University of Rochester Medical Center Rochester, NY, shows that defibrillators, which are designed to detect and correct dangerous heart rhythms, can be programmed to help users live longer, better lives, than they currently do.

Briefs : Medical
Paralympian ‘Catapults’ to a Silver Medal

At London’s Paralympic Games in September, USA track and field star Richard Browne took the silver medal in the highly anticipated 100-meter race for below-the-knee amputees. The 21-year-old was the first athlete to train with and compete with the Catapult® Running Foot from his sponsor...

Briefs : Medical
Wideband Single-Crystal Transducer for Bone Characterization

The microgravity conditions of space travel result in unique physiological demands on the human body. In particular, the absence of the continual mechanical stresses on the skeletal system that are present on Earth cause the bones to decalcify. Trabecular structure decreases in...

Briefs : Medical
3D Scanning for Post-Mastectomy Custom Breast Prosthesis

Breast cancer is a terrible affliction that affects approximately one in eight women in the US. In 2012, nearly a quarter- million cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed among women. Due to the progress of medicine and associated treatment, the death rate associated with breast...

Briefs : Software
Developing Physiologic Models for Emergency Medical Procedures Under Microgravity

Several technological enhancements have been made to METI’s commercial Emergency Care Simulator (ECS) with regard to how microgravity affects human physiology. The ECS uses both a softwareonly lung simulation, and an integrated mannequin lung that uses a physical...

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Lithium Batteries for Medical Applications

The element lithium possesses fundamental properties that make it ideal for use as the anode in both primary and rechargeable batteries. Vendors have paired the popular lithium anode with a variety of cathode and electrolyte materials, resulting in the wide choice of different chemistries available...

Briefs : Imaging
‘Soft X-Ray’ Detector Could Improve Breast Cancer Imaging

While clear imaging is extremely important in diagnosing breast cancer from mammograms, there is also concern about exposing the patient to too much radiation from repeated X-rays. But that may soon change, says Krishna Mandal, an associate professor of electrical engineering at the...

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
VA Developing New Heat-Enhanced Pulse Ox Device

Pulse oximetry has gained widespread clinical acceptance as a standard patient vital sign measurement because it can give clinicians an early warning of low arterial blood oxygen saturation levels, or hypoxemia. Conventional pulse oximetry is subject to technological limitations that reduce its...

Briefs : Medical
Method and Apparatus for Automated Isolation of Nucleic Acids from Small Cell Samples

RNA isolation is a ubiquitous need, driven by current emphasis on microarrays and miniaturization. With commercial systems requiring 100,000 to 1,000,000 cells for successful isolation, there is a growing need for a small-footprint, easy-to-use device that can...

Briefs : Medical
Flexible Sensors Offer View into Epileptic Seizures

Tapping into the human brain to understand its functions in daily life — as well as its malfunctions in illness — has long been a challenge for researchers. Mapping brain activity requires unwieldy, invasive arrays of electrodes and sensors that can damage tissue while only reading activity...

Briefs : Medical
Biosensor May Improve Disease Detection

A quick, inexpensive and highly sensitive test that identifies disease markers or other molecules in low-concentration solutions could be the result of a Cornell-developed nanomechanical biosensor, which could potentially help with early stage disease detection.

Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Fingertip-Sized Microscope to Study the Brain and its Diseases

A readily portable miniature microscope weighing less than 2 grams and tiny enough to balance on your fingertip has been developed. The scope is designed to see fluorescent markers, such as dyes, commonly used by medical and biological researchers studying the brains of mice.

Briefs : Manufacturing & Prototyping
Pre-Validated Medical Packaging Solution
Pre-Validated Medical Packaging Solution

Due to the complex requirements of the medical device industry, the internal resources of device OEMs are drawn primarily to the device R&D and regulatory arenas. However, once the device R&D...

Pre-Validated Medical Packaging Solution

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Webcasts

Upcoming Webinars: Manufacturing & Prototyping

A Deep Dive into Metal 3D Printing

Upcoming Webinars: Test & Measurement

Solving Complex Measurement Problems with PXI

Upcoming Webinars: Photonics/Optics

NASA Discusses Advances in Photonics for Space and Commercial...

Upcoming Webinars: Robotics, Automation & Control

Using Portable Scenarios and Coverage Metrics to Ensure...

Upcoming Webinars: Robotics, Automation & Control

Impact of Autonomous and Electric Vehicles in New Product...

Upcoming Webinars: Sensors/Data Acquisition

Autonomous Vehicles Sensors: How to Ensure They Work Well and...