Keyword: Spacecraft

Stories

Briefs: Aerospace
Specialized computational algorithms provide for highly efficient DNA sequence analysis.
Briefs: Medical

Mechanical Engineering professors Larry Howell and Spencer Magleby at Brigham Young University have spent the past five years applying the principles of origami, the Japanese art of paper folding, to...

Briefs: Medical

The deleterious effects of microgravity are undeniable: reduced bone mineral density, muscle atrophy, vascular remodeling, etc. These health...

Briefs: Medical
Medical Oxygen Concentrator for Microgravity Operation
Only ambient air and DC energy are required to operate the system.

Supplemental oxygen delivery systems are vital to provide a critical life support respiratory function. Whether they are used for patients suffering from lung diseases or other illnesses, to astronauts donning an oxygen...

Briefs: Medical

Researchers at NASA’s Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, in collaboration with General Motors and Oceaneering, designed a state-of-the-art, highly dexterous, humanoid robot, Robonaut 2 (R2), and...

Mission Accomplished: Medical

A stay on the International Space Station is no vacation. During a visit to the orbiting National Laboratory, astronauts divide their time among a variety of tasks. For one, they look after...

Mission Accomplished: Medical

"A lot of things are not easy to solve when you’re trying to break through a new technology right from the get-go,” says Harish Manohara, supervisor of the Nano and Micro Systems Group...

Mission Accomplished: Medical

Children love robots. In all shapes, sizes, “personalities” and “smarts,” these electronic wonders have been found under Christmas trees by kids and unwrapped on birthdays for...

Mission Accomplished: Medical

Medical training is one of the most important aspects of preparing astronauts for space. Every crewmember must become proficient in basic emergency skills, such as CPR, ventilation, and...

Mission Accomplished: Medical

For astronauts working aboard the International Space Station (ISS) in low-Earth orbit, getting adequate sleep is a challenge. For one, there’s that demanding and often unpredictable...

Mission Accomplished: Medical

When the first Apollo mission to carry humans to the Moon ended in a fire that took the lives of three astronauts, NASA undertook a thorough investigation. The final accident report identified...

R&D: Medical

A team of students at the Johns Hopkins University’s Whiting School of Engineering, Baltimore, MD, had the opportunity to design a new stethoscope to deliver more accurate heart and body sounds...

Briefs: Medical
Intravenous Fluid Generation System

The ability to stabilize and treat patients on exploration missions will depend on access to needed consumables. Intravenous (IV) fluids have been identified as required consumables. A review of the Space Medicine Exploration Medical Condition List (SMEMCL) lists over 400 medical conditions that could present...

Mission Accomplished: Medical

You wouldn’t find a big bowl of spaghetti served on the International Space Station (ISS). In microgravity, it would be a complete mess. There is, however, something like spaghetti on the...

Briefs: Medical
Extreme Ionizing-Radiation-Resistant Bacterium

There is a growing concern that desiccation and extreme radiation-resistant, non-spore-forming microorganisms associated with spacecraft surfaces can withstand space environmental conditions and subsequent proliferation on another solar body. Such forward contamination would jeopardize future life...

Mission Accomplished: Medical

When you think of a beating heart, you might assume it beats at regular intervals, but in actuality, velocity, and pressure change with every beat, and the time interval between each beat is...

Briefs: Medical

Today, engineers are successfully attacking problems from vibrational loosening to joint fatigue with a self-locking fastener called Spiralock, whose effectiveness has been validated in published...

Mission Accomplished: Photonics/Optics

Results of a two-year clinical trial indicate that a NASA technology originally developed for plant growth experiments on space shuttle missions has...

Mission Accomplished: Medical

What does it feel like to return to Earth after a long stay in space? Until now, it has been difficult during astronaut training to realistically simulate...

Mission Accomplished: Materials

Going to the dentist is always a less-than-welcome experience. However, a water purification technology developed for NASA could lead to a more satisfying end result and cleaner teeth.

Mission Accomplished: Software

On an exploration mission, an astronaut has an accident and appears to have serious injuries as the spacecraft speeds to its destination. The ensuing scene is hectic...

Mission Accomplished: Medical
NASA-developed technologies have found new uses in a variety of medical-related applications. Here we highlight some of those spinoff innovations that had their roots in NASA.

From...

Briefs: Medical
Isolation of the 'Paenibacillus phoenicis', a Spore-Forming Bacterium

A microorganism was isolated from the surfaces of the cleanroom facility in which the Phoenix lander was assembled. The isolated bacterial strain was subjected to a comprehensive polyphasic analysis to characterize its taxonomic position. Both phenotypic and phylogenetic...

Mission Accomplished: Software
NASA-developed technologies have found new uses in a variety of medical-related applications. Here we highlight some of those spinoff innovations that had their roots in NASA.

An estimated one million people...

Briefs: Medical
Process to Selectively Distinguish Viable From Non-Viable Bacterial Cells

The combination of ethidium monoazide (EMA) and post-fragmentation, randomly primed DNA amplification technologies will enhance the analytical capability to discern viable from non-viable bacterial cells in spacecraft-related samples. Intercalating agents have been widely...

Mission Accomplished: Medical
Monitoring Outpatient Care

Each year, health care costs for managing chronically ill patients increase as the life expectancy of Americans continues to grow. To handle this situation, many hospitals, doctors’ practices, and home-care providers are turning to disease management, a system of coordinated health care interventions and...

Mission Accomplished: Materials

While gravity has its advantages in keeping us balanced and grounded here on Earth, scientists often find that they are at a disadvantage when trying to conduct research under its powerful, pulling...

Mission Accomplished: Medical

Marshall Space Flight Center develops key transportation and propulsion technologies for the Space Agency. The Center manages propulsion hardware and technologies of the space shuttle, develops the...

Mission Accomplished: Medical

In spring 2008, Dr. Scott Dulchavsky diagnosed high-altitude pulmonary edema in a climber over 20,000 feet up the slope of Mount Everest. Dulchavsky made the diagnosis from his office in...

Ask the Expert

Ralph Bright on the Power of Power Cords

Understanding power system components and how to connect them correctly is critical to meeting regulatory requirements and designing successful electrical products for worldwide markets. Interpower’s Ralph Bright defines these requirements and explains how to know which cord to select for your application.

Inside Story

Rapid Precision Prototyping Program Speeds Medtech Product Development

Rapid prototyping technologies play an important role in supporting new product development (NPD) by companies that are working to bring novel and innovative products to market. But in advanced industries where products often make use of multiple technologies, and where meeting a part’s exacting tolerances is essential, speed without precision is rarely enough. In such advanced manufacturing—including the medical device and surgical robotics industries — the ability to produce high-precision prototypes early in the development cycle can be critical for meeting design expectations and bringing finished products to market efficiently.